1,117   Nginx

Nginx提供了ngx_http_limit_req_module来限制用户每秒请求的数量
配置和ngx_http_limit_conn_module类似
配置示例

map $http_x_forwarded_for $clientRealIp {
    ## 没有通过代理,直接用 remote_addr
    "" $remote_addr; 
    ## 用正则匹配,从 x_forwarded_for 中取得用户的原始IP
    ~^(?P<firstIP>[0-9\.]+),?.*$ $firstIP;
}

# 定义一个限制规则one,根据用户真实IP地址$clientRealIp匹配,10m的链接池大小,每秒1个请求
limit_req_zone $clientRealIp zone=one:10m rate=1r/s;


server {
    listen 80 default_server;

    location =/test_ip{
    # 限制具体的请求地址,设定请求包burst大小
    limit_req zone=one burst=5;
    default_type text/plain; 
    echo remote_add is $remote_addr;
    echo http_x_forwarded_for is $http_x_forwarded_for;
    echo clientRealIp is $clientRealIp;
    }


}

配置完毕,重启Nginx,然后通过JMeter并发测试,会在Nginx的error.log中看到如下信息:

[error] 3859#0: *1998 limiting requests, excess: 5.635 by zone "one", client: 10.118.27.155, server: localhost, request: "GET /test_ip HTTP/1.1", host: "10.118.27.201"
[error] 3859#0: *1999 limiting requests, excess: 5.635 by zone "one", client: 10.118.27.155, server: localhost, request: "GET /test_ip HTTP/1.1", host: "10.118.27.201"

更多配置请查看官网




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